Year In Review : 1913 American League
Off the field...
The Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution (for income tax) was adopted stating that: "Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration."
One of the most important exhibitions of art ever held in the United States, "The Armory Show" aroused the curiosity of the public and helped to change the direction of American painting. An estimated 1,600 works including paintings representing many avant-garde movements from Europe were revealed to mixed reviews. Duchamp's "Nude Descending a Staircase" was singled out by the hostile critics as a prime example of the "degeneracy" of the new art. Later, many of the same paintings would become modern masterpieces commanding millions of dollars in value.
In the American League...
The New York Yankees became the first team to practice outside the United States after they traveled to Bermuda for spring training.
On May 14th, Walter "The Big Train" Johnson topped Jack Coombs with a record of fifty-six straight scoreless innings as his Washington Senators beat the St. Louis Browns 10-5 at Sportsman's Park III.
The Boston Red Sox set a Major League record for frustration on July 3rd after totaling fifteen hits off the Washington Senators' Walter Johnson during a 1-0 shutout.
In the National League...
Philadelphia Phillies ace Erskine Mayer set an unwanted National League mark on August 18th after surrendering nine consecutive hits to the Chicago Cubs (all in the ninth-inning) en route to a 10-4 loss. The following day, teammate Grover Cleveland Alexander matched the unfortunate effort.
In September, Pittsburgh Pirate Honus Wagner was presented with a commemorative bat carved from a piece of wood taken from naval hero Oliver Perry's flagship Niagara (which had sunk in Lake Erie one-hundred years before). Wagner had been the first player ever to have his signature scrawled on a Louisville Slugger (1905).
Around the league...
American League President Ban Johnson and Detroit Tigers President Frank Navin both voiced complaints on the extensive length of the games, which were taking up to two hours to play. Both blamed several rules and regulations including the location of the "coachers boxes" and proposed that they be moved back so that the catcher could relay the pitcher his signals more quickly.
After ruling that a ballplayer on the field was considered a "public person," a New York judge tossed out several cases (brought by both New York and Boston players) against a motion picture company that had apparently taken film of the 1912 World Series.
In December, The Sporting News reported that fifteen men (none well known) had died from various baseball-inflicted injuries during the 1913 season, according to a list compiled by J.R. Vickery of Chicago.